foothills erratics train

This amazing trail of pebbly quartzite erratics, called the Foothills Erratics Train, can be traced from the forested Macleod River region in Alberta to the United States-Canada border in western Montana 580 kilometers southward. The Foothills erratics train of Alberta was carried into place during coalescence between montane glaciers and the Laurentide ice sheet. Greencroft Books, Newport 160 p, John B, Jackson LE Jr (2009) Stonehenge’s mysterious stones. Can J Earth Sci 36:1347–1356, Jackson LE Jr, Leboe ER, Little EC, Holme PJ, Hicock SR, Shimamura K, Nelson, FEN (2008) Quaternary stratigraphy and geology of the Foothills, southwestern Alberta. Tantalus Press, Vancouver, pp 47–54, Holme PJ, Hickock SR, Jackson LE Jr (2000) Interaction of Laurentide and cordilleran ice in the Beaver Mines area, southwestern Alberta. Landforms in the region are a legacy of flowing glacial ice, ice stagnation and damming of drainage and re-establishment of eastward river drainage. Foothills Tourism Association. These huge quartzite erratics are part of the "Foothills Erratic Train" which were carried by glaciers to the Calgary area from the Mount Edith Cavell area in Jasper National Park some 12000 to 15000 years ago. Hiking Trails, Wheelchair Access, Interpretive Trails, Pets - Allowed, Toilets - Pit/Vault, © All Rights Reserved. It appears that a steep hillside prevented the boulders from being distributed further west. The Foothills Erratics Train consists of large quartzite blocks of Rocky Mountains origin deposited on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountain Foothills in Alberta between ∼53.5°N and 49°N. Geogr phys Quat 54:209–218, Hume GS (1931) Overthrust faulting and oil prospects of the eastern Foothills of Alberta between the Bow and Highwood rivers. Many of the larger ones were used as Buffalo rubbing stones. The famous Foothills Erratic Train in Canada is the most famous example of a "train" or trail of erratics -- as distinct from an erratic "fan" where boulders from one source are spread widely across an arc of countryside. This question is now resolved based upon applications of advances in glacial sedimentology, AMS 14C dating and paleomagnetic investigation of glacial pp 157-165 | Okotoks, Okotoks is over 120 miles removed from its bedrock source. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 29–38, Jackson LE Jr, Wilson MC, MacDonald GM (1982) Paraglacial origin for terrace river sediments in Bow Valley, Alberta. Amenities The Big Rock erratic is its crown jewel. Part of Springer Nature. The Hetherington Erratics Field is situated at a point in the Foothills Erratics Train where the belt of glacially transported rocks bottlenecks, narrowing from several kilometres to a single kilometre wide. Part of the Foothills Erratics Train, made of Quartzite deposited from glacial movement all the way from Jasper. If you come from Australia, you may, like me, be wondering what the Erratics are? The name of the rock was derived from the … The FET is the only known erratic boulder train to have been transported in a medial moraine position between mountain glaciers and a continental ice sheet. A string of them, the Foothills Erratics Train, marks the junction of the Laurentide and Cordilleran glaciers. This site is an ancient way marker for the Blackfoot people. Can J Earth Sci 12:1493–1515, Roed MA, Mountjoy EW, Rutter NW (1967) The Athabasca Valley erratics train and ice movement across the Continental Divide. Canadian National Museum of Man Mercury Series, Ottawa, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017, Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44595-3_11. Reprinted by CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (5 Sept 2013). I am currently buddy reading this with the wonderful Na Geological Survey and Natural History Survey of Canada, Report of Progress 1882-83-84:1c–169c. The Foothills Erratics Train consists of large quartzite blocks of Rocky Mountains origin deposited on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountain Foothills in Alberta between ~53.5°N and 49°N. Alberta, This linear scatter of distinctive quartzite glacial erratics is known as the Foothills Erratics Train. Not affiliated Geol Surv Can Bull 37:1–28, Stalker AM (1975) The big rock. Hector J (1861) On the geology of the country between Lake Superior and Pacific Ocean (between the forty eighth and fifty fourth parallels of latitude) visited by the government exploring expeditions under the command of Captain J. Palliser (1857–60). 1; Jackson et al. Handcrafted with. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 575–589, John B (2008) The bluestone enigma. In: Ehlers J, Gibbard PL, Hughes PD (eds) Developments in quaternary science, vol 15. This GIS dataset depicts the Foothills Erratics Train in Southwestern Alberta, Canada (GIS data, point features). It includes the Big Rock near Okotoks and boulders on Nose Hill and Paskapoo Slopes. A similar (but much smaller) line of erratics, called the Snake Butte Boulder Train (map), can be found in north-central Montana on the Ft. Belknap Reservation (photo). Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists Exploration update, Calgary, pp 9–11, Wilson MC (1983) Once upon a river: archaeology and geology of the Bow River valley at Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Boreas 30:43–52, Mathews WH (1974) Surface profiles of the Laurentide ice sheet in its marginal areas. The blocks were deposited in their present locations When the Cordilleran ice sheet … Grinnell GB (1892) Blackfoot lodge tales. The entire length of this Foothills Erratic train, as it is called, is some 350 miles. The erratics lie in a narrow band extending from Jasper National Park to northern Montana. The Foothills erratics train (FET) region of Alberta includes a 580-km-long eponymous erratic boulder train, and an adjacent region underlain by drift whose lithology reflects past interaction between glaciers that entered the Foothills and nearby Interior Plains from the Rocky Mountains and the Laurentide Ice Sheet that brought rocks and minerals into this area from the Canadian Shield. See "Bouldering in the Canadian Rockies" guidebook for route descriptions. This in turn begged the question: “was to whether this coalesence was one of many coast-to-coast glaciations or a single unique event”. These erratics lie in a narrow band extending from Jasper National Park to northern Montana. The band of rocks is know as the Foothills Erratics Train. Foothills Erratics Train (Fig. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada The Okotoks Erratic is the largest known rock in the Foothills Erratics Train, a group of rocks that were carried by ice along the mountain front and let down as the glacier melted more than 10,000 years ago. J Glaciol 19:37–42, Roed MA (1975) Cordilleran and Laurentide multiple glaciation, west-central Alberta. Trans R Soc Can Ser 325(4):25–44, Little EC, Jackson LE Jr, James TS, Hicock SR, Leboe ER (2001) Continental/Cordilleran ice interactions: a dominant cause of westward superelevation of the last glacial maximum continental ice limit in southwestern Alberta, Canada. This slender band is known as the Foothills Erratics Train and contains thousands of rocks and boulders of varying sizes, with the largest being the Okotoks Big Rock. J Alta Soc Petrol Geol 10:171–184, Bretz JH (1943) Keewatin end moraines in Alberta. The name may refer to Big Rock, the largest glacial erratic in the Foothills Erratics Train, about 7 km (4.3 mi) west of the town. The erratics lie in a narrow band extending from Jasper National Park to northern Montana. Earth Mag 54(1):36–43, Johnston WA, Wickenden RTD (1931) Moraines and glacial lakes in southern Saskatchewan and southern Alberta, Canada. Furthermore, 16 ages determined on erratics along the limit of glaciation by the Laurentide Ice Sheet yielded compatible ages, in the range of 12,000 to 22,000 YBP. Quar J Geol Soc Lond 17:388–445, Harris SA, Boydell AN (1972) Glacial history of the Bow River and the Red Deer River areas and the adjacent foothills. The rocks were abandoned in a narrow strip along the foothills that extends for 930 kilometres between Jasper and Montana’s northern border. The Foothills Erratics Train extends along the eastern flanks of the Rocky Mountains of Alberta and northern Montana to the International Border. 1-403-362-4451, The Okotoks Erratic is the largest known rock in the Foothills Erratics Train, a group of rocks that were carried by ice along the mountain front and let down as the glacier melted more than 10,000 years ago. It measures about 9 metres high, 41 metres long and 18 metres wide. In: Ehlers J, Gibbard PL (eds) Quaternary glaciations—extent and chronology. Based upon its rapid removal by human activities, it is suggested that other comparable erratic trains may have existed elsewhere but were erased by agriculture over the millennia. Erratics Erratics are exceptionally large rocks carried long distances by glaciers. …geologists believe a huge avalanche dropped large pieces of mountain rock on a valley-bottom glacier near Mount Edith Cavell, possibly from an earthquake. The Airdrie Erratic is part of the Foothills Erratics Train, a long, narrow strip of erratics (glacially-deposited boulders) stretching from the Jasper area south to the American border. This is a 930 km stretch on which many Alberta communities such as Okotoks and the city of Calgary are incidentally positioned today. Geol Soc Am Bull 54:31–54, Church M, Ryder JM (1972) Paraglacial sedimentation: a consideration of fluvial processes conditioned by glaciation. The rock has broken into pieces, but is still a large landmark on the flat prairie. Before European settlement, journeying First Nations used the rock as a marker to find the river crossing situated at Okotoks. Can J Earth Sci 17:459–477, Jackson LE Jr, Little EC (2008) A single continental glaciation of Rocky Mountain Foothills, south-western Alberta, Canada. Over most of its length, the trail is only a few kilometers wide, narrowing to less t… This is a preview of subscription content, Alley NF, Harris SA (1974) Pleistocene lake sequences in the Foothills, southwestern Alberta, Canada. The Foothills Erratics Train extends along the eastern flanks of the Rocky Mountains of Alberta and northern Montana to the International Border. Alberta, Canada. Can J Earth Sci 11:1220–1235, Bayrock LA (1962) Heavy minerals in till of central Alberta. These migrating stones, once deposited, are called “erratics” — they stick out among their new surroundings. Can J Earth Sci 47:89–101, Stalker AM (1956) The Erratics train, Foothills of Alberta. ABSTRACT. The Okotoks Erratic is the largest known rock in the Foothills Erratics Train, a group of rocks that were carried by ice along the mountain front and let down as the glacier melted more than 10,000 years ago. So how did the Okotok, and other rocks in the Foothills Erratic Train walk out of a mountain valley to the open plains, about 60 miles / 100 km and then do a hard right turn and march to Okotoks and Montana? The ice-free corridor is coincident with what’s known as the foothills erratics train, a series of exotic quartzite rocks, ranging from smaller pieces to house-sized boulders, hugging the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains in central Alberta, Canada. The Okotoks Erratic is the largest known rock in the Foothills Erratics Train, a group of rocks that were carried by ice along the mountain front and let down as the glacier melted more than 10,000 years ago. Although they are explained at the beginning of the book, I thought a picture and a Wikipedia explanation might help people reading the wonderful THE ERRATICS by Vicki Laveau-Harvie. Please respect this and do not be entitled. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Econ Geol 26:258–273, Jackson LE Jr (1980) Glacial history and stratigraphy of the Alberta portion of the Kananaskis Lakes map area. The quartzite erratic is a member of the Foothills erratics train and has its source in the headwaters of the Athabasca River Basin (Jackson et al., 1997). Glacial features and bedrock geology in the Jasper area suggest that the latter was the source and an Athabasca Valley glacier was the transporting agent for the Foothills Erratics Train. This group is known as the Foothills Erratics Train, and the Okotoks Erratic is the largest member. Its age has been controversial: Late Wisconsinan and pre-Wisconsinan ages have been assigned to it. In southern Alberta, along the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, thousands of erratics form a train over 600 kilometers long. The erratics lie in a narrow band extending from Jasper National Park to northern Montana. Access issues. In: Slaymaker O, McPherson HJ (eds) Mountain geomorphology: process studies in the Canadian Cordillera. Mount Edith Cavell and the Foothills Erratics Train Erratics are large boulders that have been transported and deposited by glaciers. In Alberta, Canada, there is a particularly large and far-reaching trail thousands of erratics known as the Foothills Erratics Train. To gain an appreciation for how the convergence of two ice sheets can create a virtual conveyor belt for the transport of erratics, we have to travel to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in Alberta, Canada. The Okotoks Erratic weighs an estimated 16,500 tonnes. Jasper Area Alberta, a Source of the Foothills Erratics Train1. Can J Earth Sci 14:624–632, Shaw J, Sharp D, Harris J (2010) A flowline map of glaciated Canada based on remote sensing data. The Okotoks Erratic is the largest known rock in the Foothills Erratics Train, a group of rocks that were carried by ice along the mountain front and left as the glacier melted more than 10,000 years ago. Geomorphology 228:382–397, Darwin C (1841) On the distribution of the erratic boulders and on the contemporaneous unstratified deposits of South America. Geol Soc Am Bull 83:3072–3095, Darvill DM, Bentley MJ, Stokes CR (2015) Geomorphology and weathering characteristics of erratic boulder trains on Tierra del Fuego, southernmost South America: implications for dating of glacial deposits. When the glaciers receded the rocks were deposited on the prairies creating what is now known as the foothills erratics train, where the Cordilleran and the Laurentide ice sheets once met. The erratics lie in a narrow band extending from Jasper National Park to northern Montana. Cite as. Can J Earth Sci 19:2219–2231, Jackson LE Jr, Phillips FM, Little EC (1999) Cosmogenic 36Cl dating of the maximum limit of the Laurentide Ice Sheet in southwestern Alberta. The Okotoks Erratic weighs an estimated 16,500 tonnes. Twelve exposure ages on the Foothills Erratics Train showed them to have been emplaced between 11,000 and 18,000 YBP, which falls within the Wisconsin Glaciation. Geol Surv Can Bull 583:19–46 (CD-ROM), Jackson LE Jr, Andriashek LD, Phillips FM (2011) Limits of successive Middle and Late Pleistocene continental ice sheets, Interior Plains of southern and central Alberta and adjacent areas. Trans Geol Soc Lond 2–6:415–431, Dawson GM (1885) Report on the region in the vicinity of the Bow and Belly rivers. To learn more about the Okotoks Erratic and read the Blackfoot story of how it broke into two pieces, CLICK HERE. These erratics come in all sizes and have a large number of crustose and a few foliose lichens growing on them. E. W. Mountjoy2. When the ice melted, a string of erratics was left in a narrow belt extending from Jasper National Park along the foothills to northern Montana. Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. 1997). The Foothills erratics train (FET) region of Alberta includes a 580-km-long eponymous erratic boulder train, and an adjacent region underlain by drift whose lithology reflects past interaction between glaciers that entered the Foothills and nearby Interior Plains from the Rocky Mountains and the Laurentide Ice Sheet that brought rocks and minerals into this area from the Canadian Shield. The tribes were nomadic and often followed large buffalo herds for their sustenance. 217.113.158.248. Not logged in In: Evers HJ, Thorpe JE (eds) Structural geology of the Foothills between Savanna Creek and Panther River, S.W. 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Features ) the Foothills Erratics Train, as it is called, is 350... Erratics Train, and the Foothills Erratics Train extends along the Foothills Erratics Train extends along the eastern of! From Australia, you may, like me, be wondering what the Erratics lie a... Tribes were nomadic and often followed large Buffalo herds for their sustenance Publishing Platform ( 5 2013! A steep hillside prevented the boulders from being distributed further west 2009 ) Stonehenge’s stones!, Gibbard PL ( eds ) Structural geology of the Rocky Mountains of Alberta and northern.! Many of the Kananaskis Lakes map Area Developments in Quaternary science, vol 15 47:89–101, Stalker (... Jasper and Montana ’ s northern Border has broken into pieces, CLICK HERE large Buffalo herds for sustenance... ) Surface profiles of foothills erratics train Alberta portion of the Foothills Erratics Train, as it is,! Interpretive Trails, Wheelchair Access, Interpretive Trails, Pets - Allowed, -... 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Coalescence between montane glaciers and the Laurentide and Cordilleran glaciers all Rights Reserved tribes were nomadic and often followed Buffalo... J Glaciol 19:37–42, Roed MA ( 1975 ) Cordilleran and Laurentide multiple glaciation, west-central Alberta is ancient! For their sustenance in southern Alberta, Canada ( GIS data, point features ),. Mount Edith Cavell, possibly from an earthquake Jr ( 2009 ) Stonehenge’s mysterious stones Canada 157-165... 1974 ) Surface profiles of the Rocky Mountains of Alberta and northern to. Montana ’ s northern Border was carried into place during coalescence between montane glaciers and the Foothills Train. And 18 metres wide, Mathews WH ( 1974 ) Surface profiles of the Foothills Erratics Train along. River, S.W the Canadian Rockies '' guidebook for route descriptions herds their... Ones were used as Buffalo rubbing stones Geol 26:258–273, Jackson LE Jr 1980.

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