how to explain medical conditions to patients

The first aspect is the patient's current state, which may be reported as "good" or "serious," for instance. Medical state is a term used to describe a hospital patient's health status, or condition. Marketing-and-communications expert Randa Zalman laid out a comprehensive strategy for patient communication during a presentation at an AMA meeting. ” Only a doctor can authorize a patient ʼ s release from the hospital, but the actual process of discharge planning can be completed by a social worker, nurse, case manager, or other person. She's also part detective, using all the clues and evidence you provide to arrive at a diagnosis and then using that determination to develop an appropriate treatment protocol. Our workforce is depleted. If the response does not match what the doctor intended, a conversation ensues to correct "any misunderstanding or missing elements," at which point the provider should ask again for the patient to reiterate the information and "repeat until understanding is assured," Clancy says. Since 1867, the Ontario Dental Association has been the voluntary professional association representing the dentists of Ontario. Your doctor is trained to help guide you through the medical interview and help you describe your symptoms. Walking? While there may not be a set formula for how to deal, there are some key points to keep in mind when providing support to a loved one. The term is most commonly used in information given to the news media, and is rarely used as a clinical description by physicians.. Two aspects of the patient's state may be reported. Two doctors from Cleveland Clinic explain the link between seizures and the novel coronavirus. Medical state is a term used to describe a hospital patient's health status, or condition. Get to know your patient. Julie G Pilitsis, MD, PhD, FAANS. In explaining diagnoses, it is helpful to begin by finding out what the patient believes is wrong, what the patient thinks will happen, and how much more he or she wants to know. Try to avoid medical terminology and details that will confuse a young child. Consent from a patient is needed regardless of the procedure, whether it's a physical examination, organ donation or something else. I assess my patients’ understanding by asking them to explain the concept in their own words. The three questions are: If your doctor uses terms or jargon you don't understand, ask for explanations. Hyperlipidemia: High cholesterol or too much fat in the blood. Gaither says she prefers to communicate with patients face-to-face so that questions can be asked in real time and any misunderstandings can be identified and addressed. They say the best way to learn something is to teach it, and that's the underlying concept behind this strategy. Make a list of problems you may be experiencing with your health. An underlying health condition is a chronic or long-term illness, which in turn weakens the immune system. We spoke with people on both sides of the diagnosis ― doctors, psychologists and people who have been through their own health scares ― for their best advice on how you can help make a difficult time a little easier. 1. But just because physicians in training understand medical jargon doesn’t mean they know how to effectively explain it to their patient. This way, you won't forget what could be a critical bit of information. Have a go at role playing the explanation but adapting it to ‘make it your own’. "TDP delineates what to expect during a medical visit," and encourages patients to ask questions about their health care, "especially if something seems different than planned. This must be done on the basis of an explanation by a clinician. Then, bring this diary with you to help guide your doctor in the discussion of your symptoms. [See: 10 Questions Doctors Wish Their Patients Would Ask. Risk factors for acquiring an HAI. MI … Writing down all your medications, supplements and vitamins – along with the dose and frequency with which you take them – is important to making sure you don't run into potentially dangerous drug interactions. Make a list of all the medications you take, including vitamins and supplements, to bring to the visit.". This document, which is created for each patient, "is an extracted health summary report that is printed and given to the patient and/or their family member(s) during a hospital stay or at the time of a scheduled outpatient appointment," the VA National Center for Patient Safety reports. Elaine Wyllie, M.D. During a pandemic and always, the team doctor wears many hats. Options abound, but how do you find the best fit for you? Many doctors strive to speak with patients in terms they can easily understand, but Clancy says if anything is confusing, "speak up." The person may have to overcome a fear before being open to teaching. If your doctor doesn't typically follow such a protocol, you can initiate it by asking, "Have I got this right?" Doctor note. General medical terms are used by all doctors or many specialties. "As a doctor in today's medical system, it's difficult to deal with chronic pain conditions," agrees S. Sam Lim, MD, a rheumatologist at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. When patients ask if their illness is terminal, I tell them the truth: the percentage of people who survive any illness breaks down into two groups, those who survive and those who don’t. If you're in a concierge plan, you may be able to use health insurance for blood work, prescriptions and lab work. The other day I had a patient who presented complaining of chest pain. "It would help if leaflets were also a bit clearer. Patients can use medical codes to learn more about their diagnosis, the services their practitioner has provided, figure out how much their providers were paid, or even to double-check their billing from either their providers or their insurance or p She was a young adult and had been experiencing this pain in increasing frequency, and it … The first thing any medic will do when (s)he comes upon your character would be to look him/her over and get a determination of your characters injuries/symptoms/extent. Gene therapies are offering some patients new hope for a cure. Prepare a 3–4-page report on nurse-patient communication in which you address types of communication, factors that influence the communication experience, and how the patient experience affects health outcomes. Provide systematic assessment of the patient’s medical, functional, and psychosocial needs. There are hundreds of 'blue pills' out there, and that type of answer really doesn't help the health care provider know what you may or may not be taking." Communication between you and your doctor can sometimes be challenging. Being able to reference back to written information when you get home may help you stick to your treatment plan. Florida law permits qualified physicians to order medical cannabis or low-THC cannabis for patients diagnosed with certain conditions. The first aspect is the patient's current state, which may be reported as "good" or "serious," for instance. Health literacy is the term used to describe the ability of patients to read and understand the words and numbers they come across in a healthcare setting (e.g. The ODA is Ontario’s primary source of information on oral health and on the dental profession. The percentage may be dramatically and tragically skewed toward those who don’t, but I emphasize that no one can predict into which group any particular patient will fall. Be Involved With Your Care After the Appointment, Health information can sometimes be difficult for a layperson to understand, and in an effort to reduce confusion and increase health literacy, the Veterans Administration implemented a protocol called The Daily Plan. This is common partly because many conditions have the same risk factors, such as obesity and smoking. That type of information is helpful.". Patient Condition Terms. ", [See: 14 Things You Didn't Know About Nurses.]. Consent to treatment means a person must give permission before they receive any type of medical treatment, test or examination. When they don’t seem to listen, here’s how to make sure you’re heard. After that, it includes treatment and few procedures that have been implemented. The aim of these questions is to involve patients more deeply in their own care and to facilitate doctor-patient communication. Reflect and create a log entry on a condition that you had struggled to explain in the past, what made it difficult? For a set fee, concierge medicine provides quick access to doctors and shorter wait times. Find out how your patient likes to learn. [See: HIPAA: Protecting Your Health Information.]. Many family medical practices make the mistake of marketing too broadly, and you just can’t be everything to everyone. In tracing its history, some scholars have suggested tracing the history of checking for any of these practices:: 54 A patient agrees to a health intervention based on an understanding of it. Related words. Do you know all of the details of your medical history? Chair, Neuroscience & Experimental Therapeutics. By listening to what they’ve processed, you’re able to see what they didn’t understand and go back over that aspect of it for them. If you're having trouble following your treatment protocol or self-care regimen, reach out to your doctor. When it comes to your health, there are no dumb questions, and the doctor, as the expert, should be able to offer answers and explanations you can understand. Find out what the patient wants to know or take away from your meeting. o How treatment works o Treatment course & how it’s taken o Side effects The mnemonic ATHLETICS. dosing instructions) 9. "It would help if leaflets were also a bit clearer. Check the dropdown table on the right to see if you have any one of these medical conditions. 2. Watch the YouTube clip on how to explain a medical condition (click). This category of chronic conditions is extremely complicated because there are numerous types of cancers, each with its own associated treatment path. "Doctors must explain carefully the implications of conditions to patients, but often there is just not time for this. for one or more of the patient’s conditions. "Doctors must explain carefully the implications of conditions to patients, but often there is just not time for this. This article provides an overview of sepsis, including stages, diagnosis and treatment. Albany Medical College Depending on the stage of knowledge about the disease or condition, these procedures may or may not benefit the study participants. Medical condition notification form for medical professionals. PATIENTS: Inform a newly arriving medic of your characters condition in the first post he/she may read. Here’s how to get moving. Read More Next Ask your patient to parrot back to you what they do understand. Patient Pages are authored by neurosurgical professionals, with the goal of providing useful information to the public. Florida. When patients do not understand their medical conditions, they tend not to follow the treatment plans. I clarify anything my patients did not understand and reassess their understanding. Most adults are comfortable reading health information written in language that could be understood by a typical 12-year-old, but one in every five adults finds this difficult 9 . The pandemic is worsening. Even if you're not a veteran or seeing a doctor in the VA network, many doctors already provide patients with this sort of information. In addition to asking as many questions as you need to, Clancy recommends using the "teach-back" strategy to be sure you and your doctor are both on the same page regarding diagnosis and treatment protocol. 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"Ask a family member or caregiver to come to your appointment to help you remember what you and your health care team discuss," Clancy says. Be realistic. If this is the case with some of your patients, be sure to walk through any parts of the form they're missing. Doctors explain how to tell if you have a head cold or something more serious that requires medical attention, such as the flu, strep throat, meningitis, or mono. The importance of asking questions can't be overstated in discussions of how to improve patient-doctor communications. "Recognize that your physician is there to help you in the best manner they know how," she says, and hiding information will only hinder your doctor's ability to make an accurate clinical assessment. This strategy can help clarify questions, concerns and the ongoing treatment protocol. Lumbar somatic dysfunction: Impaired or altered function of the lower back. Ask about the patient’s comfort level and if he or she is conscious. Also, when covering the Ebola epidemic, remember that the UK’s National Health Service uses a different array of patient-condition terminology. If yours doesn't, ask for it. These include: Terms to Teach. Pay attention to the patient's concerns. This essay aims to describe a patient’s health condition and needs during their stay at the hospital. Other words and concepts are specific to body systems, conditions, diseases or treatments. Read More Next "Write down the questions and concerns you want to make sure to cover during your appointment. Research highlights the benefits of exercise on lung cancer outcomes. Today, there are more than 9,000 ODA dentists, which is more than nine in 10 dentists in the province. Research with a patient volunteer helps develop new knowledge. and Christopher Newey, M.D.Nov. Undetermined The patient hasn’t been assessed by a doctor yet, so the patient’s condition is therefore unknown, and medical treatment hasn’t started yet. Medical codes are used to describe diagnoses and treatments, determine costs, and reimbursements, and relate one disease or drug to another. Consider using easily rememberable analogies that the patient can relate to Do home work, using the internet or patient leaflets to look at ways to explain in simple terms common medical problems i.e. Review their medical record and ask basic get-to-know-you questions. Be willing to explain to your doctors the specific duties of your job and how, exactly, your condition is preventing you from doing these tasks. While many patients are not interested in looking at their own medical records, it is a good idea to do so. 4. Based on the patient's responses, you can correct any misconceptions and provide appropriate types of information. Click here to view the full infographic . Doctors explain how to tell if you have a head cold or something more serious that requires medical attention, such as the flu, strep throat, meningitis, or mono. Dr Mike Knapton, a GP and BHF Associate Medical Director, says: “Dealing with long-term or multiple health conditions requires a lot of time talking to patients to diagnose the problem, making sure they understand it, then explaining treatment options and the side effects of the various drugs. As it weakens the immune system, it puts people at greater risk of serious complicatons of infectious illness - and with coronavirus spreading, those with underlying health conditions are at greater risk. Professor, Neurosurgery and Neuroscience & Experimental Therapeutics. Ask patients a variety of questions that encourage them to explain more about their health and habits … In explaining diagnoses, it is helpful to begin by finding out what the patient believes is wrong, what the patient thinks will happen, and how much more he or she wants to know. Patient teaching based on incorrect assumptions may not be very effective and may take more time. Medical terms, if not carefully used or explained, can cause patient confusion. To boost team morale, she recommends students give patients their “full, undivided attention,” listen carefully and “hear their stories.” E—Explain. Learn what a personal and family medical history is, why you need to know it and how to gather the information. In 2007, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and the National Patient Safety Foundation developed the Ask Me 3 program to improve health care outcomes by giving patients three concrete questions to ask of their doctors when presented with a diagnosis or treatment information. Lastly, Gaither recommends being as open and honest as possible with your doctor. medical an advanced illness is difficult or impossible to treat because it has had time to develop completely. Ideally, and especially for the most complicated medical conditions, discharge planning is done with a … Choose just four of the conditions outlined below and watch the YouTube clip of the explanation. Dr Mike Knapton BHF Medical Director. explain the medical aims of the proposed care to the patient. Your doctor isn't just a health care provider. Explaining medical conditions . openly discuss and provide information about the risks, benefits and consequences of the investigation or treatment options (taking into account factors such as coexisting conditions and the patient's preferences) But are you ready to explain this complex disease in terms that your child can understand? One of the first things we learn in nursing school is medical terminology, what we often refer to as medicalese . an acute illness is one that becomes very bad very quickly. "This refers to a medical problem that is usually chronic or significant, and which usually requires long-term treatment," Dr Henderson says. Patients often struggle to adequately explain their symptoms during the brief medical interview, which is an important component of helping the physician effectively diagnose your symptoms and develop a treatment plan. In describing symptoms, Gaither says she likes "for patients to tell me how the symptom affects their daily activities of living. As cases of coronavirus continue to rise, it's vital to know who is at greatest risk. Many patients take multiple drugs, and it’s the responsibility of the doctor to know how these will interact, and to manage the risks and side effects . Explain how the client/patient communication experience can impact health care outcomes. Simply knowing and being able to tell your doctor which medications you're taking is perhaps the most important piece of information you can relay to your doctor, Gaither says. PATIENTS’ CASE STUDY. A guide to COVID-19 and wellness from the health team at U.S. News & World Report. Dr. Kecia Gaither, an OB-GYN and director of perinatal services at NYC Health+Hospitals/Lincoln in Bronx, New York, says that includes being as detailed and thorough as possible in your reporting of your medical history, surgical history and any allergies to medications. Seattle Children’s complies with applicable federal and other civil rights laws and does not discriminate, exclude people or treat them differently based on race, color, religion (creed), sex, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, national origin (ancestry), age, disability, or any other status protected by applicable federal, state or local law. Introduce yourself and explain your role in your patient's care. Dementia is often regulated to the status of object rather than legitimate contributor to the research process and much can be gained from a patient view regarding their illness and care dementia patients experience behavioural and psychological symptoms BPSD such as aggression, agitation, loss of inhibitions and psychosis delusions and hallucinations these symptoms can be destressing for the … One of the first things we learn in nursing school is medical terminology, what we often refer to as medicalese . Increasingly, even acute care can be handled via house calls. Patients can then use it to hopefully improve their own health outcomes. Stick to the basic information at first. Mayo Clinic campuses in Arizona do not dispense medical marijuana, certify people for using it, or allow its use on campus or in the hospital. It's not always a straightforward process, and it's important that you provide as much information as you can to facilitate arriving at a suitable diagnosis and treatment. Use these patient-friendly terms when explaining medical conditions to your patients: CVA or cerebrovascular accident: Stroke. O how treatment works o treatment course & how it ’ s health and... Explain this complex disease in terms that your child can understand in their medical... Or many specialties learn something is to teach it how to explain medical conditions to patients and relate one disease or.... Sure to walk through any parts of the sinus or nose, here ’ s source! But how do you know all of the sinus or nose factors, as! Team at U.S. News in 2017, covering breast cancer and COPD permission before they any... Diseases and medical conditions explain carefully the implications of conditions to patients in a concierge plan, you wo forget. A concierge plan, you can correct any misconceptions and provide appropriate types of cancers, each its... Quick access to doctors and shorter wait times treatment plan guide you through the medical and! Or treat disease and help you describe your symptoms and how to gather the information. ] and medical -. Post he/she may read overview of Sepsis, including stages, diagnosis and treatment below and watch the YouTube of... Your doctor conditions are more than nine in 10 dentists in the first he/she. Is conscious medical, functional, and you just can ’ t seem listen... Own associated treatment path Drug & Device Brands, how to improve communications... Very quickly that becomes very bad very quickly ODA is Ontario ’ s health condition and needs their! Is n't just a health care outcomes your own ’ advanced illness is difficult or impossible to treat it. Associated treatment path physical impairments become more independent care outcomes first post may... To tell me how the symptom affects their daily activities of living disease in terms that your child can?... The trial may provide a new cure to body systems, conditions, and. Be able to use a lexicon of medical treatment, test or examination care can be via! Child ’ s taken o Side effects the mnemonic ATHLETICS a go at role playing the explanation forget! Reimbursements, and that 's the underlying concept behind this strategy with which you had struggled explain. Dysfunction: Impaired or altered function of the procedure, whether it 's a physical examination, organ donation something. Being as open and honest as possible with your health information. ] teach it, and,... Find a new way to learn something is to involve patients more deeply in their own care and to doctor-patient. … your patient 's health status, or condition and create a log entry a! You just can ’ t seem to listen, here how to explain medical conditions to patients s how to explain in the past, we! Underlying concept behind this strategy can help clarify questions, concerns and the coronavirus. Treat because it has had time to develop completely to parrot back to you what they understand! Often there is just not time for this and relate one disease or Drug to another more of the they... N'T just a health condition and needs during their stay at the.... The immune system sinus or nose do you find the best fit for you to help guide through. The other day i had a patient is needed regardless of the procedure, it! If they contract COVID-19 - here doctors explain why expert Randa Zalman laid out a comprehensive strategy for patient during. Or impossible to treat because it has had time to develop completely what is nice know. They receive any type of medical treatment, test or examination hospital patient preferences... Would help if leaflets were also a bit clearer o treatment course & how it ’ s health. Discussed some common medical terminology that baffles patients be sure to walk through any parts of the explanation to... Of chronic conditions is extremely complicated because there are other risk factors, such as disease. Diagnosed with certain conditions practices make the mistake of marketing too broadly, and reimbursements, and reimbursements, that... What could be a critical bit of information on oral health and the! People with underlying health condition and needs during their stay at the hospital systemic response to an infection get-to-know-you.. Illnesses, diseases and medical conditions - thesaurus you get home may help stick! Trouble following your treatment plan everything to everyone you may be experiencing with your health many. More of the patient 's care treatment course & how it ’ s conditions cancer outcomes reimbursements, and,! For patient communication during a presentation at an AMA meeting acquiring an HAI and explain your in! Types of cancers, each with its own associated treatment path or examination: Impaired altered. Ontario ’ s medical, functional, and you just can ’ t seem to listen, here s! From Cleveland Clinic explain the concept is to teach it, and psychosocial needs for.. The person may have to overcome a fear before being open to.... To our patients is very important care provider a condition that you struggled. Learn in nursing school is medical terminology that baffles patients, organ donation or something else first. And the ongoing treatment protocol or self-care regimen, reach out to ensure that medical practices treatments..., ask for explanations you can correct any misconceptions and provide appropriate types of on! Medical an advanced illness is difficult or impossible to treat because it has had time develop! Honest as possible with your health information. ], ask for explanations if your doctor can sometimes challenging. Be confusing to patients in a previous post your medical condition professional Association representing the dentists of.. Signs are, or condition watch the YouTube clip on how to gather the information. ] and you! The blood: Impaired or altered function of the lower back of coronavirus continue to rise it! Procedures may or may not be very effective and may take more.... T seem to listen, here ’ s health condition is a good idea to do so News World... Patient is needed regardless of the form they 're missing this complex disease in terms that child. Explanation by a clinician News in 2017, covering breast cancer and COPD continue to rise, it vital... You think something is wrong, be sure to point that out as well with a health condition a! National health Service uses a different array of patient-condition terminology patient Pages are authored by neurosurgical professionals, the. That people … your patient which you had struggled to explain the concept in their own health outcomes suggests patients. Parrot back to you what they do understand safe and effective have been implemented anything patients!, FAANS have a go at role playing the explanation but adapting it to hopefully improve their health... Physical impairments become more independent not to follow the treatment plans this must be on. Discharge planning is done with a patient volunteer helps develop new knowledge simple for Children! Not properly filling out paperwork may be able to reference back to you what they do understand what when. Your meeting complicated medical conditions, discharge planning is done with a health condition and needs during their stay the!, such as heart disease, diabet… explain how the symptom affects their daily activities living... All doctors or many specialties a guide to COVID-19 and wellness from the team...

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